Monday, January 28, 2008

The work week

The structure of the work week varies considerably for different professions and cultures. Among salaried workers in the western world, the work week often consists of Monday through Friday or Saturday with the weekend set aside as a time of personal work and leisure. This stereotypical structure of the work week has led to the coining of phrases reflecting shared states of mind or moods among workers as they traverse the week.


'Blue Monday' or 'Mondayitis' or "having a case of the Mondays" is a feeling of weariness and apathy that some workers express when starting the work week on Monday. The phrase entered the pop culture lexicon after its use in the 1999 American comedy film Office Space and it was said that "You get your ass kicked for saying something like that."

Hump day

'Hump day' is a synonym for Wednesday. The idiom is based on the notion that if a worker has made it half-way through the week, struggling uphill from Monday, that the rest of the week is an easier slide toward Friday and the weekend; the end is in sight from the hump, the top of the hill.


'TGIF' is an acronym meaning "Thank God It's Friday" or "Thank Goodness It's Friday", an expression of relief that the work week is finally over and that even if the weekend is not full of leisure, at least the drudgery of the workplace is temporarily over.

Pau Hana

'Pa'u Hana' (pronounced "pow hana") is a Hawaiian phrase literally meaning, "finished work", but generally refers to the practice of leaving work early on Friday to start the weekend.


Another acronym meaning "Piss Off Early Tomorrow's Saturday", a term for Fridays, used in industries where it is common practice to finish work early at the end of the week. Variations on this are "Punch Out Early Tomorrow's Saturday" (referring to a manual punch time clock),"Push Off Early Tomorrow's Saturday" and "Push Off Early Tomorrow's Sunday" (based on the old 6 day work week). Used in UK and Australia but appears less popular in U.S.A.

Saturday, January 26, 2008

Eskom jokes doing the rounds

Dear Electricity Consumer,

Just a little note to let you know we understand your anger in the recent price hike and power cuts.

But it should be noted that you have no choice.

We are a big company and you will pay what we tell you. You have no choice.

We have the power, you need the power.

So sad, too bad. Sucks to be you.

We have enclosed a little picture to help outline our response.

Have a nice day and keep those cheques coming, loser!



Hi all

The backup module for Unit 2 has arrived at Koeberg and all our power cuts will soon be a thing of the past.



Nando's salute to Eskom!

Herewith a promise from Eskom in the National Geographic of October 1998.

Gatiep & Karools

Gatiep and Karools are sitting on death row. Gatiep says to the Warder, does this take long and is it painful?

Warder says, "No they just strap you in and flick the switch and its over."

Karools is called in, moments later Gatiep hears screaming and shouting, this carries on for quite a while.

Gatiep says to the Warder "I thought you said it was quick and painless?"

Warder replies that as result of the load shedding they have to use candles.

Stage of change in South Africa

Before '94 the government shouted "white power".

After '94 the new government shouted "black power".

Finally we can stand together and shout "NO power!"


What did South Africans use before candles?


New devices to save electricity

Eskom continues its drive to safe electricity...

...with this gas hairdryer.

Eskom is working on the problem

Guys ...

I know the load shedding is affecting everyone ... but take heart ...

Eskom is working on the problem!

Just yesterday morning I saw five of their specialists on site ...

Eskom prayer

Our father who art in Eskom,
Non existent be thy name,
Thy kingdom badly run,
Thy power is undone,
In Joburg as it is in KZN,
Give us this day,
our price-fixed bread,
And forgive the trespassers,
Who shoot us dead,
Lead me not into a dark nation,
But deliver me from surges,
For thine have no kingdom,
No power and no electricity,

New National Anthem

With immediate effect "Nkosi Sikelele Afrika" will be replaced with the national anthem:

"Hello Darkness My Old Friend".

Electricity crisis

State-power supplier Eskom has said that its "downward trend" in the electricity supply reserve margin was expected to continue for the next five to seven years until the new base-load power plant is built.

"Additional failures have occurred on generating units over this period of planned maintenance. All emergency resources have been exploited, which include the use of Eskom's gas turbines and buying back power from large industrial customers. However, this is not sufficient to address the shortfall, hence the need for load shedding," the company said in a statement.

Eskom said that the continued growth in the economy had exhausted its surplus electricity generation capacity and reduced the reserve margin progressively, and it encouraged customers to curb their demand for power.

The Eskom capacity expansion programme, with an investment of R150-billion, has been accelerated and this aims at upgrading South Africa's power supply infrastructure and building new power stations.

However, until new power stations are commissioned, supply is set to remain tight and load shedding a constant reality.

And despite the fact that we have rolling blackouts throughout the country, Eskom released the following press release :

Media Release - 22 January - PRICE INCREASE

Tuesday, 22 January 2008


The National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA) has announced its decision to grant Eskom a price increase that translates into an increase of 14.2% for the 2008/9 financial year. Eskom had applied for a rule change that would have resulted in an average increase of 18.7%. The application by Eskom was intended to address the recovery of the costs of primary energy (fuel) and for the acceleration of its capital expansion programme to meet growing demand for electricity.

Higher fuel costs are due to the fact that coal prices had risen over 30% in the last year, adding to power generation costs. Furthermore, the cost of plant and equipment has risen by 20% to 50% in the past year, and has doubled in five years.

The increase applied for is therefore necessary given the circumstances. It should also be pointed out that Eskom also makes a contribution by focusing on improved productivity and efficiency.

“The lower price increase will make it even harder for Eskom to satisfy conditions in the current financial markets to assure the funding needed for the capital expansion programme to ensure security of supply. Eskom will need to borrow more than if it had been granted the 18.7%. In addition, the current electricity prices are unsustainable and will result in steeper increases being required in the near future. However, Eskom would like to express its appreciation to NERSA for having considered our application in a transparent process and for acknowledging some of the challenges being faced by Eskom. We are considering the implications and the options available to us to manage the situation,” says Bongani Nqwababa, Eskom’s Finance Director.


When there is not enough electricity available to meet the demand from all Eskom’s customers, it could be necessary to interrupt supply to certain areas. This is called load shedding.

Load shedding is:

  • A last resort measure. Only when all other options at its disposal have been exhausted, such as running its power stations at maximum capacity and interrupting supply to industrial customers with special contracts, will Eskom cut supply to other customers.
  • A controlled way of rotating the available electricity between all customers. Load shedding schedules are drawn up to ensure that a few areas do not bear the brunt of the shortages. By spreading the impact, affected areas are not interrupted for more than two hours at a time, and in most cases customers can be informed of interruptions in advance.
  • An effective way to avoid blackouts. Shortages on the electricity system unbalance the network, which can cause it to collapse. By rotating the load in a planned and controlled manner, the system remains stable.

Hints and Tips in case of Power Outages

Eskom has a short term power supply shortage, while at the same time experiencing higher than expected demand. From time to time this may result in power outages – what is termed load shedding – for short periods across the country. The more electricity South African consumers can save by switching off non-essential appliances, or not switching them on, the fewer power outages there will be. Below are hints and tips to assist you in case of power outages.

Special Needs

If you have special needs such as medical support equipment (ventilators, dialysis machines, etc) please notify your medical practitioner immediately so that special arrangements can be made. Such special assistance is only available by authorisation of a registered General Practitioner/Doctor or Medical Specialist.

If you require advice regarding the provisions that have been made for special needs kindly call the Eskom Media Desk on any of the following numbers: 011 800 5550 / 011 800 5310 / 011 800 4539.

What WILL be affected by power outages?

The following will not be available when the electricity supply to your home is switched off:

  • Geyser and hot water supplies
  • Cookers, electric kettles, microwave ovens and refrigerators
  • Lights
  • TV and Hi-Fi equipment
  • Electrically motorised security gates and garage doors
  • Pool pumps
  • Personal computers
  • Electric air conditioning
  • Electric alarm clocks
  • Household electric pumps for irrigation or plumbing systems
  • Electrically operated ignition systems on certain gas appliances
  • Automatic electronic control systems and time clocks

Switch it off:

If the power goes off, it is safer to simply turn off (or even better, disconnect) any electrical appliances that you were using. Keep one light switched 'on' to alert you when the power returns. Clearly mark on/off switches with a piece of masking tape. When the power comes back on, it may do so with a momentary surge, which can damage electronically controlled appliances such as computers, televisions sets, VCRs, DVDs, etc.

Remember to re-set time control clocks on cooking ovens, pool pumps, geysers and other automatically controlled appliances, unless these are battery operated. Also remember that householders are responsible for all electricity usage and appliances in their homes.

What will usually NOT be affected by power outages?

  • Security systems that have battery back-up (some may go off due to the interruption)
  • Telephones that are not reliant on mains electricity (answering and fax machines may however be affected).
  • Cell phones

Useful tips to minimise inconvenience when the power is off:

Think about communication:

  • Ensure that your cell phone is always fully charged when power is available.

Think about transport:

  • Ensure that your vehicle (car, bakkie, motorcycle, etc) always has fuel in the tank since during power outages, petrol stations cannot pump fuel.

Think about cash:

  • Ensure that you have adequate cash as auto tellers cannot operate without electricity.

Think about access, security and safety:

  • Release automatic electric garage door mechanisms to allow you to gain access to your property during a power outage.
  • Release electric security gates and switch to manual operation to avoid being either locked out of or into your home.
  • Keep temporary lighting readily available, e.g. electric torches, candles, etc. Be sure to locate these items in places where they will be easy to find in the dark.
  • Keep a torch (with fresh batteries) by your bedside at all times
  • Obtain a small LP gas lamp, as they provide good quality lighting for a large area.

Think about keeping things cool and heating them up:

  • Boil water and keep in thermos flasks for hot drinks for when the power is scheduled to be switched off.
  • Use a thermal cover on tea pots and other pots and pans to keep hot drinks, and meals warm.
  • Prepare meals beforehand in readiness for periods when there will be power cuts.
  • Obtain a small stand-by bottled LP gas heating ring for essential cooking and to boil water for hot beverages.
  • Keep adequate stocks of essential foodstuffs.
  • Keep refrigerator and freezer doors closed, as a power outage of four hours should not cause food spoilage, and a freezer should keep frozen food safe for at least a day. It is a good idea to have alternative available snacks that do not need refrigeration.
  • Most medication requiring refrigeration can be kept in a closed fridge for several hours without spoiling. To be sure about this, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Fill plastic containers with water (still leaving some space inside each container for expansion during freezing) in a deep-freeze or the freezer compartment of your fridge. This (frozen) water will help keep food cold during a power outage.

Wednesday, January 23, 2008

Basic Guidelines to Problem Solving and Decision Making

Adapted from the Field Guide to Leadership and Supervision.

Much of what managers and supervisors do is solve problems and make decisions. New managers and supervisors, in particular, often make solve problems and decisions by reacting to them. They are "under the gun", stressed and very short for time. Consequently, when they encounter a new problem or decision they must make, they react with a decision that seemed to work before. It's easy with this approach to get stuck in a circle of solving the same problem over and over again. Therefore, as a new manager or supervisor, get used to an organized approach to problem solving and decision making. Not all problems can be solved and decisions made by the following, rather rational approach. However, the following basic guidelines will get you started. Don't be intimidated by the length of the list of guidelines. After you've practiced them a few times, they'll become second nature to you -- enough that you can deepen and enrich them to suit your own needs and nature.

(Note that it might be more your nature to view a "problem" as an "opportunity". Therefore, you might substitute "problem" for "opportunity" in the following guidelines.)

1. Define the problem

This is often where people struggle. They react to what they think the problem is. Instead, seek to understand more about why you think there's a problem.

Defining the problem: (with input from yourself and others)
Ask yourself and others, the following questions:
a. What can you see that causes you to think there's a problem?
b. Where is it happening?
c. How is it happening?
d. When is it happening?
e. With whom is it happening? (HINT: Don't jump to "Who is causing the problem?" When we're stressed, blaming is often one of our first reactions. To be an effective manager, you need to address issues more than people.)
f. Why is it happening?
g. Write down a five-sentence description of the problem in terms of "The following should be happening, but isn't ..." or "The following is happening and should be: ..." As much as possible, be specific in your description, including what is happening, where, how, with whom and why. (It may be helpful at this point to use a variety of research methods. Also see .

Defining complex problems:
a. If the problem still seems overwhelming, break it down by repeating steps a-f until you have descriptions of several related problems.

Verifying your understanding of the problems:
a. It helps a great deal to verify your problem analysis for conferring with a peer or someone else.

Prioritize the problems:
a. If you discover that you are looking at several related problems, then prioritize which ones you should address first.
b. Note the difference between "important" and "urgent" problems. Often, what we consider to be important problems to consider are really just urgent problems. Important problems deserve more attention. For example, if you're continually answering "urgent" phone calls, then you've probably got a more "important" problem and that's to design a system that screens and prioritizes your phone calls.

Understand your role in the problem:
a. Your role in the problem can greatly influence how you perceive the role of others. For example, if you're very stressed out, it'll probably look like others are, too, or, you may resort too quickly to blaming and reprimanding others. Or, you are feel very guilty about your role in the problem, you may ignore the accountabilities of others.

2. Look at potential causes for the problem

a. It's amazing how much you don't know about what you don't know. Therefore, in this phase, it's critical to get input from other people who notice the problem and who are effected by it.
b. It's often useful to collect input from other individuals one at a time (at least at first). Otherwise, people tend to be inhibited about offering their impressions of the real causes of problems.
c. Write down what your opinions and what you've heard from others.
d. Regarding what you think might be performance problems associated with an employee, it's often useful to seek advice from a peer or your supervisor in order to verify your impression of the problem.
e.Write down a description of the cause of the problem and in terms of what is happening, where, when, how, with whom and why.

3. Identify alternatives for approaches to resolve the problem

a. At this point, it's useful to keep others involved (unless you're facing a personal and/or employee performance problem). Brainstorm for solutions to the problem. Very simply put, brainstorming is collecting as many ideas as possible, then screening them to find the best idea. It's critical when collecting the ideas to not pass any judgment on the ideas -- just write them down as you hear them.

4. Select an approach to resolve the problem

When selecting the best approach, consider:
a. Which approach is the most likely to solve the problem for the long term?
b. Which approach is the most realistic to accomplish for now? Do you have the resources? Are they affordable? Do you have enough time to implement the approach?
c. What is the extent of risk associated with each alternative?

5. Plan the implementation of the best alternative (this is your action plan)

a. Carefully consider "What will the situation look like when the problem is solved?"
b. What steps should be taken to implement the best alternative to solving the problem? What systems or processes should be changed in your organization, for example, a new policy or procedure? Don't resort to solutions where someone is "just going to try harder".
c. How will you know if the steps are being followed or not? (these are your indicators of the success of your plan)
d. What resources will you need in terms of people, money and facilities?
e. How much time will you need to implement the solution? Write a schedule that includes the start and stop times, and when you expect to see certain indicators of success.
f. Who will primarily be responsible for ensuring implementation of the plan?
g. Write down the answers to the above questions and consider this as your action plan.
h. Communicate the plan to those who will involved in implementing it and, at least, to your immediate supervisor.
(An important aspect of this step in the problem-solving process is continually observation and feedback.)

6. Monitor implementation of the plan

Monitor the indicators of success:
a. Are you seeing what you would expect from the indicators?
b. Will the plan be done according to schedule?
c. If the plan is not being followed as expected, then consider: Was the plan realistic? Are there sufficient resources to accomplish the plan on schedule? Should more priority be placed on various aspects of the plan? Should the plan be changed?

7. Verify if the problem has been resolved or not

One of the best ways to verify if a problem has been solved or not is to resume normal operations in the organization. Still, you should consider:
a. What changes should be made to avoid this type of problem in the future? Consider changes to policies and procedures, training, etc.
b. Lastly, consider "What did you learn from this problem solving?" Consider new knowledge, understanding and/or skills.
c. Consider writing a brief memo that highlights the success of the problem solving effort, and what you learned as a result. Share it with your supervisor, peers and subordinates.

Tuesday, January 15, 2008

Interesting facts of Cape Town

Cape Town's own constellation

"Mons Mensa"… as every field or nature guide knows, is the Latin name of a star constellation meaning "Table Mountain" situated near the Large Magellanic Cloud, a neighboring galaxy.

The constellation was named by a French scientific observer of the stars, Abbe Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, in the early 1750’s from his observatory in Strand Street, Cape Town. He is credited with having named 15 of the 88 constellations and Mons Mensa is the only one which represents a geological formation.

Abstract sculpture in Cape Town

The image “” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.

If you visit our municipal
building in Cape Town then you can see a red sculpture outside the front door which is one of the highest sculptures in South Africa. It is about 9 meters high and is made up out of industrial sections of cast steel which are cut, welded, bent and refitted to produce an abstract form. This sculpture was created by Edoardo Villa (Italy) in 1981.

Most Capetonians, or visitors
to Cape Town, don't know what the artwork represents and furthermore don't know its name. Some folk call it the "bent paper clip". It probably comes as no surprise to find out that the sculpture is titled "The knot" as it supposedly unites all the sculptures on the landing in front of the office area.

King Edward in Cape Town

I have travelled past the statue of King Edward V11, opposite the City Hall, on many occasions before and on some of these trips not only visitors to our city but local Capetonians too, have asked me what is the relevance of this statue which is in such a prominent place in the city.

Edward (born 1841) was the eldest son of Victoria and heir to the British throne. During the

Anglo Boer war he did something quite remarkable. He refused to be crowned as King of England until peace was achieved between the British troops and the Boers. This marked him as a great statesman and it is for this deed that he holds such a prominent place in our city.

Cape Town's very own weathervane

The weather in the South Western Cape, and in particular

the Cape peninsula, differs markedly from most other South African regions in that our weather is notoriously

unpredictable. This is largely due to the positioning of the Cape Mountains and the regional wind systems. Being aweatherman in Cape Town must be a most frustrating profession. Clouds that cover the tops of mountains only are known as "Lenticular" or "Cap" clouds.

There is only one fool-proof weathervane in the Cape peninsula. When there is a cap cloud on Lions head, a peak in the Table mountain range, and nowhere else, rain is guaranteed within the next 12 hours.

The Saldanha Bay error

The first European to climb Table Mountain was the Portuguese explorer Antonio de Saldanha in 1503 while he and his fleet were exploring the seas between Lisbon and India. For a century after this, Cape Town was known as "Agoada do Saldanha" - The watering place of Saldanha.

Many years later, a Dutch admiral, Joris van Spilbergen made landfall about 100km up the west coast and thought that he was in Agoada do

Saldanha. This is how Saldanha Bay got its name even though the Portuguese explorer had never set foot in Saldanha Bay. After this naming, the original watering hole became known as Tafel Baay.

So if it had not been for a "slight" navigation error 2 centuries ago, who knows, maybe we would all be living in Saldanha Bay today

The wooden tiles of Adderley Street.

There was a time when the whole of Cape Town's main road viz. Adderley Street was made out of wooden blocks or tiles. These tiles were eventually covered with the tarred road that we have today. If one visits our very interesting Cultural History Museum in Cape Town a display of these wooden tiles can be seen.

Panorama and Plattekloof

When one travels in the northern suburb areas one can visit the areas called Panorama and

Plattekloof (Flat hill) When one does this it is rather funny to see that that the area on top of the hills overlooking the beautiful Cape Peninsula is called Plattekloof while the area below the hills with no view at all is called Panorama. The reason for this is that when the title deeds to the area were issued the local municipality made an error and exchanged the names around accidentally. Till today the mistake still exists and the areas still have the wrong names.

The Blue Route

In Cape Town we have a highway that is traveled on by most Capetonians that is nicknamed

"The Blue Route". The real name of the highway is "The Van Der Stel Highway". It is also known as the M3. The question arises as to where the nickname of the Blue Route comes from.

The answer to the above poser lies in the fact that when the original plans for the highway were drawn up, the highway was drawn on the plans in a thick blue pencil colour and someone started calling it the Blue Route. The nickname got very popular and it even led to a local shopping mall being called the Blue Route Centre.

The naming of Durbanville

On the outskirts of Cape Town we have a northern suburb called Durbanville. Just recently I found out where the name of Durbanville came from and I found the reason for the naming of this little suburb rather amusing.

In 1836 Sir Benjamin D'Urban, the governor of the Cape, granted the request to the villagers of

the above mentioned area which was then known as Pampoenskraal (Pumpkin village) that they could call their village Durban. In later years the name was changed to Durbanville so as to distinguish it from the city of Durban in the province of Natal.

The first telegram sent from Cape Town.

The first telegram sent from a venue in Cape Town was delivered in 1860. A building, named Woolvens Pagoda (because it looked like a pagoda), was erected on the one corner of the Grand Parade. This structure would serve as the first telegraph office in Cape Town. A Mr. Pickering installed the first telegraph line which stretched from Woolvens Pagoda to Simonstown. It was Pickering himself who sent the first telegraph from Cape Town. It was addressed to Governor General Wynyard and it crossed the prime distance of about 400 yards as the governor general was housed in the Castle at the time of the mail being sent.

Cape Town's oldest restaurant

When visiting Cape Town there are many good restaurants where one can have a good meal at very reasonable prices. Amongst all these wonderful establishments one of them has to be the oldest operating eating house and this honor goes to Constantia Nek Restaurant. In 1923 the land where the restaurant today stands was bought by Sydney Vincent Halls. Mr. Halls set up a farm stall and tearoom on the area which was popularly known as "The Nek". A couple of years after starting up the tea room the present day "Candle Room" was constructed and teas were

served in this area. This room soon became what then and today is known as Constantia Nek which not only was famous as a restaurant but also as a dining/dancing venue on weekends.

If one arrives at the restaurant one sees a large mountain that overshadows the building. This hill is known as Vlakkenberg. It was originally known as Vlagenberg (Flag Mountain). The high point on the hill was where a flag was raised as part of the signaling system that was used when the flagman on Vlagenberg heard the sound of the Signal Hill cannon. The flag viewing then signaled to all in the Constantia Valley that a boat had entered Table Bay

Forced removals in District 6.

The forced removals of the local Cape Coloured population from District 6 in 1966 is what most people remember the area for. I wonder how many Capetonians know that the first forced removals, on the basis of colour from District 6, took place in as early as 1901. It was in this year that the African people (Black) staying in District 6 were forcibly removed to Ndabeni so as to allow for "poor whites" to stay in the area.

District 5.

When the Cape Town municipal area was demarcated into 6 districts in 1909 other areas of the city also had District names. In that way the area today known as Loader Street was known as District 5. It was in this fashionable area that most bankers and insurance men stayed. The area was renamed Loader street as this was the first road to be completely restored in District 5.

District Number 6

Much has been written about District 6 in Cape Town but I wonder how many people know that District 6 originally was called District 12.

In 1840 the town of Cape Town was demarcated into 12 districts and the area now known as District 6 was then named District 12. In 1867 it was decided to change the demarcation and the town was split into 6 districts. District 12 then became what today is known as District 6. During this period the area also was nicknamed Kanaladorp. In 1909 the City of the Cape Town was split into 8 wards and the District 6 area was renamed Castle Ward, however the name just did not stick and District 6 remained the preferred name for the public of Cape Town.

Strictly speaking the area today is called Zonnebloem, but once again the name is not used by the local Capetonian public in preference to the name of District 6. It truly seems as if the spirit of District 6 will never die for the local Cape Town community. Now the question is whether anybody who reads this mail knows where the old District 5 is in today's makeup of our city?

Signal Hill

On a daily basis most Capetonians pass or see Signal Hill from wherever they are in the city. It always fascinates me to hear why Capetonians think the hill is called as such. Most say that it is because the noon gun fires a signal from hill. This answer would be incorrect.

The reason why the hill is called Signal Hill is because in bygone years a signalman was permanently stationed on the mountainside which has a great vantage point over the whole of Table Bay. The signalman's duty was to warn the castle of the approaching ships that were coming into the harbour. When ships were sighted a coded system of flags and cannon shots were used to provide the relevant information about the ship as well as it nationality. Amongst others a shot was fired for every ship that was spotted and a flag was hoisted at the same time of the shot being fired. When the ship was visually identifiable a red flag was hoisted if it was an
enemy vessel attacking the harbour. This signal brought every man to the harbour so as to defend the shoreline.

The heart of Camps Bay

(photo courtesy of Maans Smit)

The next time that you are in the Camps Bay area ask one of the locals where the "Heart of Camps Bay" is situated. They are sure to look at you with a frown and openly admit that they don't know.

To get a good view of the heart of Camps Bay travel to the Maidens Cove parking area between Camps Bay and Clifton which is near to the Glen Country Club. Look up at the cablecar station and you will then see the narrowest view of Table Mountain that can be seen from anywhere in Cape Town. Take a vertical view line below the cablecar station and move your eye in a downward fashion very slowly towards the left. There you will see a HUGE ditch type structure come into view set in the mountain landscape. Look very carefully at the shape of the area and you will see that it forms the perfect shape of a heart (with ventricles too) . Voila you will have found the heart of Camps Bay. A fair warning is that you will not see what I am telling you unless you know what you are looking for and this will only happen if you follow the instructions that I have given you to the letter. Once you have seen the heart it will be with you forever. Let me know per return mail if you get to see this awesome part of the Camps Bay scenery.

Rondebosch Fountain

In the suburb of Rondebosch near Cape Town University, we have a fountain known as the Rondebosch Fountain. On or near the spot where this fountain is located, stood a clump of thorn trees named by Jan van Riebeeck, "'T Ronde Doornbosjen" from which Rondebosch took its name.

I wonder how many Capetonians know that it is in the vicinity of this fountain, on 1 March 1657, that 9 free burghers took permanent title to land and thus became the first "citizens" of South Africa.

Furthermore it is also interesting to note that the fountain itself has a lamp above it that apparently contained the first electric street light installed in Cape Town.

Cape Town's first motor car.

The first motor car to be used in Cape Town arrived on South African shores in 1898. The car was a Royal Enfield Quad and was imported by a Mr.W. Jenkins who was a manager of Garlicks Cycle Supply, which was a department of the Garlicks Store. The car was later sold to Sir Alfred Hennessey.

It is told that Mr.Jenkins first started the vehicle in front of the Garlicks store. As he travelled up Lower St.George's Street he lost control of the vehicle and charged the crowd who were watching the event. An Irish policeman is reputed to have admonished him by saying " when you next intend to go motoring, may I suggest you leave that machine behind"

The Lutheran Church swan emblem.

Many people pass the Lutheran Church in Strand Street and only some notice the swan emblem above the entrance to this magnificent building. This sculpture was designed by the well know sculptor Anton Anreith and is representative of the teachings of Martin Luther who became the spiritual heir to the Bohemian priest and martyr, John Hus.

The origin of the swan emblem is a very interesting one. The word "Hus" in Bohemian means goose. When Hus was burnt at the stake (1415) he spoke the words "Today a goose roasts but in time a swan will arise which nothing will destroy", hence the origin of the insignia.

University of Cape Town

I wonder how many folk know where, when and how the University of Cape Town really came into being. The University of Cape Town was born in the vestry of the Dutch Reformed Church in Cape Town on 14 October 1828. Heads of families all got together and discussed how better schooling could be obtained for their children as government and free school standards were on the decline.

The outcome of the meeting was the opening of the South African College at the Weeshuis or Orphanage on 1 October 1829. 100 students attended school in this venue until The South African College was built. This school in turn superseded the Cape Town University on the slopes of Devils peak.

The Supreme Court in Cape Town.

We have a wonderful Supreme Court building that faces the Lions Head mountain area. If you ever see the building give the following a thought: Why does the building face in this direction and not in the direction of Queen Victoria Street which would then mean that a view of the beautiful tranquil company gardens would be enjoyed?

When the original plans for the court were submitted the plans showed that they would face Queen Victoria Street which would mean facing the opposite direction as to what the building faces today. The reason for the "turnaround" is that the Chief Justice of the Cape at the time of the building of the court, Lord De Villiers, saw the plans beforehand and he found that his office faced the late afternoon sun as well as the lively atmosphere of the adjacent road called Keerom Street. To avoid this he had the plans reversed and hence the building faces in the direction that it does today.

The naming of Table Mountain

In 1620 and English seafarer, Humphrey Fitzherbert, landed at what he called the Bay of Soldania (Table Bay) and in the best British tradition promptly took possession of the area in the name of his king, James I. In a short ceremony on shore he sportingly presented the bewildered Khoi people with an English flag, thus apparently making the exercise perfectly legitimate.

He then set about naming the surrounding mountains. First to be honored was the present day Signal Hill, which was christened 'King James his mount'. What was later to become Lions Head he dubbed 'Ye Sugar loafe'. Not about to miss an opportunity to achieve ever lasting fame, he named the present day Devils peak, 'Herbert's Mount'.

Unfortunately, on his return to England, King James showed scant enthusiasm for his latest possession and it was left for the Dutch to move in. When the Dutch sailor, Jan van Riebeeck arrived in 1652 with few more than a 100 souls, he landed at 'Leeuwenstraat" (Lions Tail) - the present day Granger Bay, which of course was attached to 'De Leeuwenbergh', the Lions rump.

Herbert's Mount became Windebergh, but over five centuries and in many languages Table Mountain has always been seen, and surely will always be seen, as Table Mountain.

The Cape Glass Company

I wonder how may of you are aware that the Cape Glass Company, established in 1902, at Glencairn was destined to be the most advance of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere. The initial projections were that it would produce 8 million bottles per year. But alas, production and suitably qualified labour recruitment problems forced the factory into closure in 1905. Not a lot has changed in almost a century.

All that remain of the old factory today are archeological remains and glass fragments.

Cape Town's first recorded tidal wave.

Molteno reservoir at the upper reaches of the city has quite an illustrious history. The existing reservoir, that supplies Cape Town with water, is in fact the second Molteno reservoir to be constructed and completed 1866.

In 1822, the original reservoir burst its banks, causing a tidal wave of water to rush down into the city demolishing houses, uprooting trees and generally wreaking havoc in its path.

It's amazing what we in Cape Town can survive.

South Africa's smallest mosque.

In 1898 a certain Mr. R.Salie submitted plans to the council to construct a mosque in Quarterdeck rd in Kalk Bay. A place of worship was needed to accommodate emancipated slaves from Batavia, Malaysia and other Eastern countries. At first a tiny house was used for the purpose, but was later changed into an acknowledged mosque.

To date, no mosque, larger than this one has been built in South Africa.

World's 1st cesarean birth.

Cape Town has been the venue for numerous medical firsts, the most notable being the 1st heart transplant by Dr Chris Barnard. Dr James Barry who arrived in Cape Town 1816 did another notable, but far less known achievement. This good lady doctor who, despite the name, was the 1st female doctor to receive her degree, at the age of 17, at the Edinburgh University.

Dr Barry performed the 1st ever-recorded cesarean birth in 1826 in Cape Town.

Dr Barry died aged 71 1865 while occupying the post of Inspector general of the British Army.

1st medical insurance.

In the early 17th century Mr. Samual Silverthorn Baily came to Cape Town to create the first civilian hospital in the Cape. Lord Somerset granted the land on which the good gentleman was to build the hospital.

He subsequently built the Somerset hospital across the way from the very well know V&A waterfront complex.

The hospital was however not his only contribution to medicine. Mr. Baily also started the 1st medical insurance scheme in Cape Town, which was also the first ever, scheme of its kind on the continent of Africa.

The oldest public figure statue

The oldest statue of a public figure in Cape Town is that of Sir George Gray, Governor to the Cape 1854-1861, and is to be found in the company gardens at the top of Adderley Street in Cape Town. Sir George was also the foundation stone layer of the Cape Town Public library, to which he donated 5000 volumes, the collection which holds his name today. The one and a half life-sized, marble statue is of Sir George holding a book.

Sir George Gray was also Governor general of NZ in 1854

Bains kloof

Many of our famous mountain passes in the Western Cape are a result of the incredible work done by Andrew Gedis Baine and his father Thomas Baine. The very famous Bains kloof heading North out of Cape Town is just one of Andrew Gedis Baine projects. Andrew Gedis Baine is also well known for building the 1st pass in SA, the Outeniqua pass.

However another lesser known achievement of the famous Baine family and also this weeks fascinating info is the Baine's Kloof tunnel. Did you know that this was the first transport tunnel, at 336' long, ever built in South Africa and that it was built with absolutely no mortar but only stone packings.

South Africa’s shortest mountain pass

Last week I told you about Sir George Gray, Governor to the Cape 1854-1861, and his invaluable contribution to our national libraries. Just a few of meters away from the Cape Town library, is another landmark that owes its origin to the esteemed governor.

Queen Victoria street, the avenue leading up from the supreme court to the planetarium, in Cape Town, ends in a short climbing hill named Grays pass. According to the roads surveying department of the Cape Town municipality, this “Mountain Pass” was surveyed in 1898 with the survey of company gardens, and is still on official record as a “Mountain Pass”. The pass is approximately 250 meters long and climbs approximately 50 meters from bottom to top making it the shortest “Mountain pass” in South Africa and therefore also in Cape Town.

Africa's first airmail delivery.

Muizenburg post office was the 1st in Africa to receive airmail.

On 27 December 1911, Evelyn Driver, considered to be a superb "instinctive navigator" and also a pioneer of British Royal mail service, delivered by air, 729 Specially designed postcards to this post office.

The flight from the Cape Town suburb of Kenilworth, 12.8 km flight distance from Muizenburg lasted 7.5 Minutes and was flown in a Bleriot Monoplane.

The Legend of the Flying Dutchman.

Did you know that this legend actually started at Cape Town's very own Cape Point on the Southern Peninsula in 1641.

The story is told of a certain Captain Hendrick van der Decken who battled against a storm rounding Cape Point on his way home. Even though his severely battered ship started sinking he vowed that he "would try, even if it took till judgment day" to round the Cape.

There have been many "sightings" of the phantom ship with torn sails and broken masts, but the most significant sighting was on July 1881 by a midshipman on the HMS Berchante.

This young lad was eventually crowned King George V 1907.

Cape Town's Blockhouses.

When you look up at Cape Town's majestic Table Mountain you will note the remains of 3 "blockhouses" dotted around Devil's Peak. The buildings served as a very important part of Cape Town's defense in 1795.

The buildings where built as per the instructions of governor Sir James Craig and where named the Kings, Queens, and Duke of York respectively. But did you know that the Kings served later as a convict station. One of Cape Town's first prisons.

Adderley Street - Cape Town's Main road.

On 21 Feb 1850 the British government was coerced by the people of Cape Town to divert a convict ship destined for the Cape to the convict settlement in Van Diemens Land in Tasmania. Sir Charles Adderley, a member of the British parliament, championed the cause of the Cape colonists.

As a token of gratitude the Municipality of Cape Town presented Adderley with the considerable sum of 100 pounds and named the city's main street after him even though he had not, and never did, set foot in this city.

Strand Street in Cape Town.

It is very hard to believe that the Cape Town beach of 1652 was located on the line of the present day Strand Street as this street is approximately 1km from the sea. The entire area between Strand street and the present day harbour has all been reclaimed since just before World War II.

No wonder, the name "Strand" is derived from the Dutch word that means "beach".

Field Marshal Jan smuts.

There are 2 prominent statues of this renowned leader in Cape Town. Apart from his prominence as a guerilla leader and two times prime minister, Smuts was largely responsible for the establishment of the Royal Air Force and the League of Nations, which later led to the formation of the united nations for which the drafted the Covenant of the UN.

He also wrote a number of philosophical works and was the first to first to use the term "Holism" referring to holistic healing.

Smuts also coined the phrase "The Whole is greater than the sum of its parts" 1870 -1950

A 300-year-old Night Watch.

Knowing the time in the dead of night is something we take for granted as we can simply look at an illuminated watch and read the time. 300 years ago, our Dutch forefathers never had this luxury and a solution had to be found. After all, they could not simply pop outside and read the “Moon dial” like they would have used a sundial.

A device called a “Water Watch” was used, which utilized an accurate dripping system calibrated for 13 hours of drip. A floating cork would indicate the time, usually starting at 6pm. and lasting to 7am. The nighttime hours when a sundial was ineffective and an hourglass to cumbersome.

An example of this kind of clock, dated 1697, used in Cape Town during that era, can be found in our Cultural museum in Cape Town.

The Noon Day Gun.

In Cape Town we have a cannon, called the Noon day Gun, that is fired every day, except Sundays, to signal 12:00 Noon.

The "Noon Day Gun" has not always been fired at "Noon". The tradition of the midday firing is derived from a Dutch East India company practice, which continued for over 200 years, when a gun was fired at 6am and 9pm to signal the start and end of each day. From 1865 it was fired at 13:00.

Only since 4 Aug 1902 has it been fired at noon, from Lion Battery on Signal hill above Cape Town city.

Green Point Lighthouse.

This very well known lighthouse is the oldest in the country and is also the "Lighthouse services" head office.

The odd thing about this landmark is that the Lighthouse services head office has not always been in this building. These offices have in fact, until 1993, been in Johannesburg of all places, making it the only lighthouse service head office in the world that was situated 600km from the sea.

Hout Bay.

John Chapman was the master of a ship, the "Consent" which was becalmed in Hout Bay 1607. As a result of various expeditions from this vessel into the area, today know as Hout bay, the good captain named the area.

"Chapmans Chance" was the first name given to Hout bay and it was also the first English name ever to appear on maps of Southern Africa.

1st recorded British ship wreck.

The earliest record of a British vessel to be wrecked on our treacherous Cape coast is a galleon named "Joanna" that sank of Quinne Point in 1682. The ill-fated vessel had 70 chests of treasure on board. Fortunate salvers managed to recover 300 KG of gold and other priceless articles in 1982.

Electric Lights.

Did you know that electric lights were used on April 13 1895 to light the streets of Cape Town for the very first time. The first light to be installed was on top of the pole in the centre of the fountain in Rondebosch. This pole was also used to tie horses to.

The Tickey.

Those of us old and colonial enough will remember the little coin called the "Tickey". This very common, small silver South African coin, was actually a 3-penny piece and because of its diminutive size gave rise to the word "Tickey" being commonly used for things small. A very well known example being a very famous midget clown performing in a South African circus.

A lesser known point, is the origin of this word "Tickey" which actually originates from a Malay word tiga, which means three - Hence the 3-penny piece.

Simonstown's "Multi named" main street.

Did you know that the main road of Simonstown, even though it is quite short, changes its name 6 times from beginning to end. Entering into Simonstown, it starts off as Main road. In front of the station it changes to Station road and then into St George's street past Jubilee Square. The road then changes to Queens rd and then Macfarlane road after which it reverts to Main road on exiting the village.

Wow, quite a mouthful when giving directions in such a small town.

The origin of the word Guano.

The word, that we have all used when talking about our sea birds and islands, originates from a Peruvian Indian word meaning seabird manure. They were the first to use it as fertilizer for their farm plots.

The origin of the word Biltong

I have been asked so many times by foreign guests what that dried meat stuff similar to Beef Jerky is called, that I have lost track how many times it has happened. Every time I answer with the word 'Biltong' and then launch into this elaborate explanation how traditional this meat is and how fundamental it is to the South African culture. Never have I even given it a second thought as to where the word Biltong originates from. Have you?

It appears that the word Biltong is derived from the Dutch word 'Bil' meaning 'Backside' and 'Tong' meaning 'Strip'. So a piece of Biltong is literally a strip of the old backside.

The longest serving chemist in the world.

Did you know that the longest serving chemist in the world, according to the Guinness book of records lives and works right here in Cape Town. To be exact he is Mr. Phillip Isaacs from the Camps Bay Pharmacy. He is 96 years old and has been in this pharmacy for 70 years. One of the incredible things about this gentleman is that he is just to willing to tell anyone, in his shop, about all those years of experience in Camps Bay - something that shopkeepers seem to have forgotten the art of over the past years.

Mrs. Balls Chutney.

Having just traveled with an American couple, who insisted on buying a large amount of this "local gold" before returning home, it got me thinking if you would know where this very familiar product originated from. Well here it is.

In 1852 The SS Quanza was wrecked off the coast of East London and its stranded captain Adkins and his wife settled in king Williams Town. Mrs. Adkins gave birth to a daughter, Amelia, in 1865, and when Amelia later married Mr. HS Ball, she took her mother secret chutney recipe with her to her new home in Cape Town. Her spicy chutney soon became highly sought after and soon she had a small factory in her kitchen. The Balls approached a Cape Town businessman, Fred Metter, who designed the famous octagonal jar and oval label. The name of the chutney was obvious, "Mrs. Ball's Chutney" and as orders rolled in they were forced to move to larger production space in Fish Hoek. Amelia died in 1962 aged 97.

The origin of the name Bree Street.

Have you ever wondered how Bree Street got its name? The name is actually an English derivative of the Dutch word Breƫ that means wide. This particular street was, in the mid 18th century, built much wider than all other streets in Cape Town so that the ox wagons could perform a u-turn in the street.

Early photographs of Bree Street show that the present day islands, in the center of the street, were only added in the early 20th century.

Groot Constantia Manor house.

You have probably visited the wine estate Groot Constantia and thus seen the majestic old manor house once occupied by Simon van Der Stell. I however wonder if you are aware of the unusual circumstances that led to the unusually large roof and windows of this historic building.

In 1792, whilst Hedrick Cloete still owned the farm, he decided to enlarge and improve the homestead. Initially there was a flat roofed gallery behind the front row of rooms. Cloete had the roof of both gallery and rooms removed and replaced with a traditional thatch roof. The new roof however now spanned 14 meters of building, double the width of a traditional house of the time. As a thatch roof requires a pitch of 50 degrees, to remain waterproof, the height of the roof therefore had to be doubled as well. Now that they were doubling the height of the roof, the existing walls would have been far to low to be in proportion, so they extended the height of the walls and the existing casement windows were replaced by tall sash windows. The next problem was that the front gable had to be heightened to match the size of the huge side gables. This left a large blank space above the gable window. Conveniently this was filled by a niche now containing a statue of Abundance with her horn of plenty. It would have been so much easier had Cloete just stuck to tradition but then alas we would not have this majestic building today.

The Silvertree.


The Khoisan people who were at the Cape some two thousand years ahead of the Bantu tribes tell the story of the first silvertrees. The Great Man who formed all living creatures, gave seed to the birds, the animals and to some of the early Khoisan people telling them to find a perfect spot to grow this very special tree. After some time had elapsed the birds came back to the Great Man saying that they had dropped the seeds in the center of the land but it was too high and too cold and all the seeds died. The animals said that they had dropped the seeds on the west coast but it was too dry and all the seeds died.

When the Khoisan returned they told the Great Man that they had held the valuable seeds in the palm of their hand while they traveled to the southern most point of the land. There they had found a great flat mountain and in their excitement of being there they allowed the seeds to slip from their hands onto the sandy slopes of Table Mountain. The seeds were nourished by the clear mountain springs and the fresh air that abounds in that area. The Khoisan people told the Great Man, not only did it grow and thrive but the leaves turned to silver showing that in all the land this is where it wanted to be.


The silvertree is part of the Protea family ( Leucadendron Argentum ) and is found only on the slopes of Table Mountain at a height of 250 meters ( 800 feet ) above sea-level. It grows best in a sunny position that has well drained acid soil. The silvertree is an endangered species of the Western Cape fynbos biome. Part Fact part Legend The Silvertree's leaves will only turn silver when the tree can SEE Table Mountain but this explanation I reserve for the day that you join one of my tours.

The origins of the word Spanspek.

Sir Harry Smith, governor of the Cape in 1850, was married to a Spanish lady. During their sojourn in the Cape, Lady Smith always insisted on fresh sweet melon for breakfast rather than the more traditional bacon and eggs. Because of her Spanish origins the kitchen staff at the governor’s residence started referring to this as Spaanse spek, whish later evolved into ‘Spanspek’

The Dias and Da Gama beacons at Cape Point.

If you have been fortunate enough to visit the Cape Point reserve, you will have seen these two concrete beacons with stone crosses on top. These two beacons where erected in 1965 to serve as a memorial to the great discoverers after which they are named.

Another more subtle application is that they are also used as navigational beacons. For a ship in False Bay, once aligned with these two beacons and a beacon above Simonstown gold course, is warned of the submerged Whittle rock in the Bay. Because of this maritime usage, the Dias beacon is painted black on the Eastern side to offset the white concrete against the horizon.

The Baobab tree.

Even thought this tree is not found naturally in Cape Town, I thought it might be interesting for you to know some of the interesting wealth of myths & legends that surround this tree. The ancient Khoi people believed that the Flowers of this tree are inhabited by spirits and anyone picking one will be eaten by a lion. It is modern bushman belief that if one drinks an infusion of the seeds it will protect you against a crocodile attack. This might be appear to be far fetched, but the bark of this ancient tree it will protect against flu as it is rich in vitamin C.

So next time you feel a bout if flu coming on and you are about to take a trip to the Okovango delta, stop by your nearest Baobab tree, there is one in Kirstenbosch. Who knows, it might help.

Cape Town's oldest living tradition

The oldest living tradition in Cape Town is the firing of the Noon day guns at Lion Battery on Signal hill. The two cannons that are fired daily at noon have been in continuous use since 1806 when they were first fired at sunset, then later at 13:00 and then even later at noon as it is still done today. This continuous usage makes these canons the oldest smooth bore muzzle loading guns, in daily use, in the world. As of 1st August 2002 the guns have been fired 61760 times, truly making it the oldest living tradition in Cape Town.

Monument Station in Cape Town.

Did you know that there was a station in the heart of Cape Town called Monument station?

Well, thanks to the Spier wine estate in Stellenbosch, who offer steam train excursions from Cape Town to Stellenbosch, the Cape Station terminus has been named Monument Station, which commemorates the original Monument Station on the now long-defunct Sea Point suburban railway line.

The Cape Town connection to the Cutty Sark.

This clipper, famous for its unique figurehead of a witch called Nanni, had two direct connections with Cape Town. The vessel was known as a 'Tea cutter' and was built to beat the speed of the vessel called Thermopoli which one can see the remains of off the Mouillie point beach.

The other connection to Cape Town is that in 1816 the vessel suffered mast damage, in one of its speed dashes against the Thermopoli, and had to put into Cape Town for emergency repairs.

Did you know that the word Cutty Sark is word of Scottish origin which means short shirt. It is therefore not surprising that the figurehead of Nanni is dressed in a Cutty Sark.

The Rubbi Chapel.

Few Capetonians are aware of the exquisite architectural jewel in the middle of Kommetjie, built a half a century ago, by a grieving widow in loving memory of her husband, Joseph Rubbi.

The Rubbi chapel, considered a "reckless extravagance" by the priest of Fish Hoek, was built by dedicated Italian craftsmen in 1948. The tiles, altar and sanctuary are of Italian marble, fashioned by expert craftsmen. The woodwork, pews, doors and fittings are of superb quality that could only be achieved during an era when time taken on a project was not an issue. The chapel is complete with a domed ceiling in which three painting are set, one dating back to the 15th century.

A real architectural artistic secret right here in our midst which just has to be seen to be believed.

Cape Town's very own river.

We all know that most big cities of the world are situated on rivers. London is on the Thames and Paris is on the Seine, to mention just two of many. The question is "Is Cape Town situated on a river and if so what is it called."?

The answer is "Yes" and it is called the Fresh River. This is a river that comes off the slopes of Table Mountain and runs through the company gardens. It can be seen at the gates of Tuynhuys just off Government Avenue. The river then travels down underneath Adderley Street and continues to the Waagenaar reservoir below the Golden Acre. The river might be a small one relative to those quoted above, but never the less exists.

Africa's first independent colony.

Swellendam, the third oldest village in the Cape was officially established in 1745. A lesser known historic fact is that Swellendam declared itself an independent republic in 1795, thus becoming the first independent European-ruled colony in Africa.

The naming of Langa.

Many people people think the name Langa means sun. If this was so then Xhosa speakers would call this place "Elangeni" which they don't. Langa, as pronounced in English, is actually called "Kwa-Langa" which means the place of Langa, indicating ownership of an individual by that name.

In 1873 a Tribal chief and renowned rainmaker, Langalibalele, was imprisoned on Robben Island. Various prominent people fought for his release and he was subsequently confined to a farm called "Uitvlugt" on the site of present day Pinelands. Langa, which adjoins Pinelands commemorates this folk hero as it was developed in 1898 on the land know as "Langalibalele's Location".


There is a student's residence called Driekoppen at the lower end of the UCT campus, next to the Baxter theatre. Contrary to popular belief, this residence is not call by this name because there are three tall building loosely referring to three heads. The name has a far more gruesome and ominous origin.

In 1724, a colonist by the name of Behr was murdered at this location by three slaves. The slaves were tortured and on confession they were decapitated and their heads were placed on poles at the site of the murder. Presumably this was to be a deterrent to anyone who might have considered a similar crime. I believe it worked!

Aircraft crash on Table Mountain.

It is quite unusual for Capetonians to think of our beloved mountain as a crash site for aircraft. Not so for the unfortunate Mr. Fred Duk and pupil pilot Mr. Williams. These two intrepid aviators took off from Brooklyn aerodrome, today known as Ysterplaat, on 15 May 1932. After flying across to Muizenberg the two returned back to the city via the top of Table Mountain. It was a favourite antic at the time for pilots to skim over the top of the mountain and dive down the front face. Unfortunately for them on this fateful day they were caught unawares by a swirling downdraft and their Avro Avian aircraft crashed into the rocks between Platteklip gorge and McClear's beacon.

Rescued by climbers, the two aviators escaped reasonably unscathed with one losing three teeth and the other fainting when he saw the wreck. The aircraft was a total wreck and thanks to the cable car, the two pilots where able to make it back home without any further mishap.